With the increasing trend of anti-aging products in the market, the hyaluronic serum is one of the most popular anti-aging serum that has proven effective results on the skin.
In this article, we will talk about what hyaluronic acid is, what benefits it brings to the skin and how its deficiency will affect your face. And at the same time, we find out how urgently you need serum based on this substance.
What is Hyaluronic Acid?
Hyaluronic acid face serum is the most important product for those who care about the hydration and smoothness of the skin. And hyaluronic acid is one of the most popular cosmetic components, which is appreciated for the ability to provide moisture and elasticity to the skin.
From chemistry, it is a polysaccharide characterized by a unique ability to attract and retain an amount of water that is many times greater than its weight. Hyaluronic acid is naturally present in human tissues, in particular in the skin of the face. This is the main substance of the extracellular matrix in which the cells of the epidermis and dermis are located. Moreover, hyaluronic acid creates water reservoirs in the skin because each of its molecules can retain an amount of water a thousand times its weight.
Types of Hyaluronic Acid
In modern cosmetics, synthesized hyaluronic acid is used.
There are two main types of hyaluronic acid:
- High molecular weight (Hyaluronic Acid)
It is distinguished by large molecules, which, due to their bulkiness, cannot overcome the epidermal barrier and moisturize the topmost layer of the skin, drawing moisture from the air and forming a protective hydrophilic film on the surface. High molecular weight hyaluronic acid is indicated for dehydrated skin, as well as after peelings and other aesthetic procedures that are traumatic for the skin.
- Low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (Sodium Hyaluronate)
It is used in cosmetology for injection correction of wrinkles. As part of the serum, it works in all layers of the epidermis, attracting moisture like a magnet, smoothing wrinkles and increasing skin elasticity. It is low molecular weight hyaluronic acid that is used in serums of local action to fill wrinkles. It is also used to prolong the effect of “beauty injections”.
The Benefits of Hyaluronic Acid for the Skin
In addition to moisturizing the skin, hyaluronic acid is responsible for skin density and elasticity. It is involved in the synthesis of collagen and protects cells from free radicals. Own hyaluronic acid in the human body is quite small (15 grams in a person weighing 70 kg), besides, it has a short life cycle: from 30% to 50% of hyaluronic acid breaks down every 24 hours.
A few drops with hyaluronic acid are enough to moisturize the skin and correct wrinkles. Also, the rate of its production in the skin decreases with age and minimizes by age 40. But the main enemy of hyaluronic acid is not so much age as aggressive environmental factors. Especially – solar radiation, which destroys hyaluronic acid.
After 20 years, the intrinsic reserves of hyaluronic acid in the skin begin to gradually decrease, which over time leads not only to dryness but also to the formation of wrinkles.
Signs that indicate that hyaluronic acid’s reserves have run out, and the skin needs external recharge:
- Extreme dryness.
- Skin peeling.
- Uneven texture.
- Hypersensitivity of the skin.
- Low cell turnover.
Hyaluronic Acid Serums
Hyaluronic acid often appears in the composition of cosmetics of various categories – from day cream to foam for washing. These products maintain an optimal level of skin hydration if it does not suffer from dehydration. Additionally, the hyaluronic acid serum is directed to moisturize the skin and increase cell turnover.
Its effect on the skin:
1. Moisturize the skin from inside and outside.
2. Even the skin tone.
3. Fill in the wrinkles.
In the composition of the serums, hyaluronic acid is combined with other components (usually no more than three), for example, vitamins and plant extracts to maximize its effect on the skin. They enhance the moisturizing effect, maintain a high level of moisture and provide a deeper penetration of the active components into the skin.
Hyaluronic acid is a water-soluble element, serums based on it are distinguished by a light non-greasy gel-like texture, comfortable for any type of skin.
In the case of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid, it is important where and at what point you apply it. Large molecules remain on the surface of the epidermis and draw water from the environment. If the air in the room is dry, then hyaluronic acid will begin to draw moisture from the skin, creating a feeling of tightness.
- Apply immediately after a bath or shower, while steam remains in the bathroom – the ideal medium for molecules that draw moisture to the surface of the skin.
- it is important to follow the drinking regimen by drinking at least 1.5 liters of water per day to saturate the body’s tissues with moisture. Low molecular weight hyaluronic acid penetrates the deeper layers of the skin, where the water reserves of the skin become the main hydraulic source for its molecules.
- Before applying the localized serum to fill in wrinkles (filler), drink a glass of water to achieve a quick and noticeable effect. They recommend doing this in advance – ten minutes before using the product.
Application Process of the Hyaluronic Serum
Unlike other serums that require the subsequent application of the cream, hyaluronic can be used independently. An exception is mono-sera containing only high molecular weight hyaluronic acid, which must be “sealed” with a cream to prevent evaporation of moisture.
Serums with low molecular weight hyaluronic acid and combined high-tech serums can act as an independent means of care. However, during the period of solar activity, it is necessary to apply a sunscreen with high SPF on top, since ultraviolet is harmful to hyaluronic acid.
Hyaluronic acid-based serums love moisture because they “feed” on it and do not like the sun’s radiation, which destroys them. Consider these features to get the most out of your product.
- Hyaluronic serums do not have clear age restrictions, they are used as needed.
- You can use them all year round.
- Apply such serums twice a day – under a cream or on their own.
- They are suitable for moisturizing the skin of the face, neck and décolleté.
- Hyaluronic serums have no contraindications, except individual intolerance to the components.
Moisturizing the skin has already become almost synonymous with her youth. Hyaluronic acid supports the structure of the extracellular matrix of the skin, on which its elasticity depends primarily.
To preserve the freshness of the face, it is necessary for the same way as moisture – to maintain the appetizing appearance of the fruit.
• Hyaluronic acid is endowed with the ability to attract and retain (bind) water, thereby ensuring the elasticity of the skin frame and strengthening it.
• Getting on the surface of the epidermis, it forms a film that prevents the evaporation of moisture and at the same time protects against aggressive environmental factors.
• With good turgor (reliable moisture in the environment), important components of the skin matrix such as collagen and elastin are actively synthesized. Their production begins to slow after 25 years, partly due to a lack of hyaluronic acid.
• A healthy “young” rhythm of tissue regeneration provides a healthy level of moisture. The skin becomes fresh, less vulnerable to damage, wrinkles are smoothed, dullness disappears.
Nowadays people are over with the thought of getting a botox, beauty injection or a filler on their face. With its numerous side effects, people are now turning towards natural ways of getting an anti-aging treatment done. For this purpose, hyaluronic acid serums offer a natural way to reduce wrinkles and fine lines and making your face young again.
Since hyaluronic acid is naturally found in large quantities in a wide variety of body systems, it cannot be harmful if applied externally and under the skin.
When applied topically, hyaluronic acid has pronounced moisturizing properties, but the large size of the molecules does not allow it to penetrate deep into the skin. In this regard, low molecular weight, or fragmented, hyaluronic acid is used, that is, its fragmented molecules, their fragments. They penetrate the epidermis faster, easier and deeper and begin to act.